This article focuses on the benefits Ireland offers non-Irish individuals (i.e. non-Irish domiciliaries) who become Irish tax resident.
Historically Ireland has a strong international reputation for maintaining relatively low corporate tax rates. The current rate of corporation tax for trading operations is 12.5%. What is lesser known is that Ireland has one of the world's most generous tax regimes for non Irish born individuals. Ireland is an attractive location by which an individual of non Irish descent can live. For such individuals, Ireland offers the facilities of an offshore low tax location whilst providing many of the benefits including double tax treaty protection of an onshore location.
Domicile is an important concept in Irish tax law. There is a rebuttable presumption that individuals born to fathers of non Irish extraction are non Irish domiciliaries. Non-domiciled individuals who are tax resident here can benefit from the Irish remittance basis system of taxation. This means that while such individuals will be chargeable to tax in Ireland on Irish source income and gains, they will only be chargeable on foreign income and gains to the extent that they are remitted to Ireland.
Where non-domiciled individuals come to Ireland and use their wealth accumulated outside of Ireland to cover their day to day living expenses, it is possible for such individuals to live in Ireland free of tax.
Non-Irish nationals relocating to Ireland need to consider the steps they need to take to a) remove themselves from the tax regime of their current place of tax residence, and b) adopt Irish residence. We regularly work with overseas tax specialists to ensure that individuals moving to Ireland break their overseas tax residence and adopt Irish residence.
In broad terms, an individual is regarded as resident in Ireland for a tax year if:
Where an individual is resident in Ireland, he may nonetheless remain liable for tax in the country of origin. In many cases, Ireland's network of double tax treaties give exclusive taxing rights to Ireland when an individual can show he spends more than 183 days per annum in Ireland and/or demonstrates that his centre of economic interests is located here. Ireland's double tax treaties typically protect the tax-free income and some gains of a non-domiciliary.
Currently, Ireland has double tax treaties with over 70 countries. On an ongoing basis, Ireland negotiates new treaties and updates existing treaties in conjunction with foreign jurisdictions, so it is an area which requires constant monitoring. In the main, the agreements cover direct taxes, which in the case of Ireland are income tax, corporation tax and capital gains tax.
Subject to satisfying certain conditions, non-Irish nationals coming to live in Ireland have an initial five year window in which they remain outside the scope of the Irish gift and inheritance tax in respect of non-Irish property.
In order to avail of the remittance basis of taxation in Ireland, it is key that individuals plan for their relocation to Ireland. Individuals need to prepare a statement of affairs. We can then work with overseas advisers, to ensure that income and gains will arise from non Irish sources. Detailed step plans and co-ordinated advice are necessary. For example, individuals need to ensure they do not inadvertently trigger income or gains tax-free in Ireland that could become taxable if they return to their country of origin within a certain period.
Please note: The information contained herein is of a general nature and is not intended to address the circumstances of any particular individual or entity. Although we endeavour to provide accurate and timely information, there can be no guarantee that such information is accurate as of the date it is received or that it will continue to be accurate in the future. No one should act upon such information without appropriate professional advice after a thorough examination of the particular situation.
Warren & Partners are a boutique Irish tax and business advisory firm based in Ballsbridge, Dublin. Our experienced-team of tax advisors will create unique tax solutions for your specific business needs.